The International Non-Intervention Agreement And The Spanish Civil War

General Franco, commander of the African army, joined the revolt and began to conquer southern Spain. There have been mass executions. Antony Beevor, author of The Spanish Civil War (1982), said: « Local clean-up committees, which generally consist of prominent right-wing citizens such as the most prominent local landowner, the senior civil guard official, a Falangist and often the priest… Commissions have inevitably inspired a great fear of non-retaliation in neutrals. All known or presumed liberals, Freemasons and leftists were dragged before them… Their wrists were tied behind their backs with string or wire before being removed for execution. (10) The Italian response to the French proposals is positive in that it fully accepts the text of these proposals, but it is unfavourable insofar as the Italians want to add three conditions: the absence of subsidies to one of the two Spanish groups, the absence of voluntary membership in one of the two political groups of the powers that signed the agreement. and that an international committee oversee the work of the agreement. Although German aid to Franco was never equivalent to that of Italy, which sent between sixty and seventy thousand soldiers, as well as huge deliveries of arms and aircraft, it was considerable. Later, the Germans estimated that they had spent half a billion Marks on risk 37 in addition to the equipment of planes, tanks, technicians and the Condor Legion, an air unit characterized by the destruction of the Spanish city of Guernica and its civilian inhabitants. Compared to his own massive rearmament of Germany, it was not much, but he paid considerable dividends to Hitler. Our foreign policy is based on two simple principles: the determination to put France`s interests ahead of all others, the conviction that France has no more interest than that of peace, the certainty that peace for France is inseparable from peace for Europe. All the groups in the majority, and I am sure the whole House agrees on these principles. Interference in the internal affairs of other countries is a deliberate instrument of German foreign policy and is used for this reason precisely if this is certain or, if risks are taken, only if the objective is considered to have a vital interest to Germany.

It is therefore unlikely that Germany will stand in the way of a non-interference agreement. On June 27, 1938, Maisky agreed to send two commissions to Spain, to list foreign volunteers and to provoke their withdrawal.